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Last updated: 2022, June 12
Global Climate Change - How Agribusiness Prepare for Such Changes
Dr. Oleksii Orlov, PhD in Agriculture
Risks to field crops will increase with climate change. Even classical drought tolerant crops, such as sunflower, are at risk of death due to climate change and extreme drought (photo © Dr. Oleksii Orlov, 2013). Contact Agricultural Consulting for consulting service of climate changes adaptation of agriculture!
The increase in production costs in agribusiness, the volatility of markets and the demand for increased food production, coupled with the need to reduce greenhouse gas emissions (from the world's leading economies), are already shaping how farmers producing field crops are doing business now and see their future. Efficient use of resources is important to maintain the profitability of agribusiness, as well as the using of innovations and the use of new varieties of plants to maintain increased crop yields of major field crops in a changing climate.
Unfortunately, many farmers, for example in Ukraine, do not have good opportunities to increase the production of field crops in a temperate climate, especially in the southern regions of the country. But there is no government food strategy that supports increased sustainable food production, emerging biofuel markets, environmental conservation and water protection in rural areas.
Strong action at once by two diseases - phomopsis and alternariosis for sunflower. According to research (Dr. Oleksii Orlov, Agricultural Consulting, 2010-2017), in Ukraine, 90% of sunflower fields are affected annually by diseases. The most progressive ones are phomopsis, phomosis, sclerotiniosis, root rot, gray rot, alternariosis. There are also new diseases that have not been observed before. The same situation is characteristic of other crops. Risks for growing field crops increase due to increased pressure of various diseases in existing crop rotation (photo © Dr. Oleksii Orlov, September 13, 2016, Poltava region, Ukraine)
In the context of climate change, there are important goals for farmers and agro-industrialists:
Herbicide-resistant weed - ambrosia, in many countries you will not surprise anyone. Herbicides containing sulfonylureas and imi herbicides are the most dangerous for weed resistance. There is also weeds with double resistance: to glyphosates + ALS. They also have the strongest aftereffect on subsequent crops in the crop rotation (photo © Dr. Oleksii Orlov, Ukraine)
According to British scientists, agriculture produces more than 7% of greenhouse gases in the UK, and nitrous oxide (N2O) is greenhouse gas, which makes up almost half of these emissions. This gas is 298 times more effective in its impact on the climate than carbon dioxide (CO2), and is released from the soil partly as a result of the use of nitrogen fertilizers (both industrial and organic). A number of measures, such as applying the right field crop fertilizer system, improving nutrient management and soil management, can help reduce nitrous oxide emissions.
Non-energy-efficient equipment is a big problem for farmers as it increases the costs of production. Lack of bank financing, a large and increasing tax burden annually is a huge problem for farmers in Ukraine. Many farmers and agricultural enterprises are using old, non-energy-efficient equipment that has already exhausted its resource, which is 15-30 years old. It consumes a huge amount of resources and time, and does little work - i.e. not energy efficient and unprofitable! (photo © Dr. Oleksii Orlov, Ukraine)
The good news for farmers are that taking measures to both reduce greenhouse gas emissions and adapt the business to unavoidable climate changes has many financial and environmental benefits, such as cost optimization, increased yield, reduced soil erosion and increased profitability. Thus, there are certain opportunities for farmers to get additional profit due to climate change.
OPPORTUNITIES FOR FARMERS WITH CLIMATE CHANGE:
Sunflower is one of the crops that is able to increase its productivity during climate warming. In the photo - sunflower in dry conditions is able to form an acceptable yield (photo © Dr. Oleksii Orlov, August 16, 2017, Zaporizhia region, Ukraine)
MAIN CHALLENGES FOR AGRICULTURAL BUSINESS IN CHANGE OF CLIMATE TIME:
Some farmers in 2017-2020, due to the drought, lost their fields of soy and wheat, as well as other crops or received a minimum yield that does not provide any profit. At the photo: soybeans under extreme drought - growth points die (photo © Dr. Oleksii Orlov, August 24, 2017, Kyiv region, Ukraine)
At the photo: soybeans under extreme drought - soybeans under extreme drought - beans and plants died (photo © Dr. Oleksii Orlov, August 24, 2017, Kyiv region, Ukraine)
RESOURCES USING EFFICIENCY
The targeted application of a good system for optimizing the use of nitrogen fertilizers and the costs of their application can help reduce greenhouse gas emissions from nitrogen fertilizers and soil, as well as indirect emissions from industrial fertilizer production. More efficient use of various resources, energy efficiency, as well as improved breeding of cultivated plants, will allow agricultural producers to narrow the gap between actual and potential crops and, therefore, increase the efficiency of land use and production of field crops.
1. Nutrient Management and Fertilizer Application:
2. Precision Agriculture and innovations
At the photo - sunflower plant died during flowering from drought due to late sowing. With climate change, the number of working days for performing agricultural operations decreases, which requires better management and better equipment and mechanisms for carrying out all works in a shorter time (photo © Dr. Oleksii Orlov, August 18, 2017, Kherson region, Ukraine)
Late-sown sunflower field, died from strongly air and soil drought (photo © Dr. Oleksii Orlov, August 18, 2017, Kherson region, Ukraine)
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